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VENERAL DISEASES

A disease that is contracted and transmitted by sexual contact, caused by microorganisms that survive on the skin or mucus membranes, or that are transmitted via semen, vaginal secretions, or blood during intercourse. Because the genital areas provide a moist, warm environment that is especially conducive to the proliferation of bacteria, viruses, and yeasts, a great many diseases can be transmitted this way. They include AIDS, chlamydia, genital warts, gonorrhea, syphilis, yeast infections, and some forms of hepatitis. Also known as a morbus venereus or sexually transmitted disease (STD).

 

SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES:

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are infections that are transmitted during any type of sexual exposure, including intercourse (vaginal or anal), oral sex, and the sharing of sexual devices, such as vibrators. In the professional medical arena, STDs are referred to as STIs (sexually transmitted infections). This terminology is used because many infections are frequently temporary. Some STDs are infections that are transmitted by persistent and close skin-to-skin contact, including during sexual intimacy. Although treatment exists for many STDs, others currently are usually incurable, such as HIV, HPV, hepatitis B and C, and HHV-8. What is more, many infections can be present in, and be spread by, patients who do not have symptoms.

 

ASSOCIATED WITH GENITAL LESIONS:

1) Chancroid.

2) Genital Herpes.

3) Lymphogranuloma Venereum (LGV).

4) Syphilis.

5) Human Papillomavirus (HPV).

6) Associated with Urethritis.

7) Urethritis.

8) Chlamydia.

9) Gonorrhea.

10) Systemic STD's.

11) Human Immunodeficiency Virus.

12) Hepatitis B.

13) Hepatitis C.

14) Human Herpes Virus 8 (HHV-8).

 

PREVENTION:

The most effective way to prevent the spread of STDs is abstinence. Alternatively, the diligent use of latex barriers, such as condoms, during vaginal or anal intercourse and oral-genital contact helps decrease the spread of many of these infections. Still, there is no guarantee that transmission will not occur. In fact, preventing the spread of STDs also depends upon appropriate counseling of at-risk individuals and the early diagnosis and treatment of those infected.

 

For more information, consult our dermatologist